Historic structures and sites reveal the events, the problems, and the progress of the past. They present an opportunity to visualize the lives of the people before us. But every year some of these historic structures disappear, lost to future generations due to the ravages of fire. Cumalikizik, which is a unique example of the Ottoman Civil Architectural historic villages, is also under the fire risk. This paper expresses the present situation of the village, and provides a study in recognizing the fire problems in the Cumalikizik village. It also provides a guide for developing policies and procedures incorporating fire prevention and protection features into the structure and the village. © 2004 Elsevier SAS. All rights reserved.