Sella turcica metastasis from follicular carcinoma of thyroid


Yilmazlar S. , Kocaeli H., Cordan T.

NEUROLOGICAL RESEARCH, vol.26, no.1, pp.74-78, 2004 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 26 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2004
  • Doi Number: 10.1179/016164104773026561
  • Title of Journal : NEUROLOGICAL RESEARCH
  • Page Numbers: pp.74-78

Abstract

A case of metastasis to the sella turcica from a follicular adenocarcinoma of the thyroid gland is presented. Metastasis to this site is rare and review of the literature reveals only 12 cases of metastatic thyroid carcinoma involving the sella turcica and pituitary gland. The optimal treatment strategy is still to be determined. A 43-year-old woman presented with headache, nausea, visual impairment and galactorrhea. An MRI scan of the cranium revealed an enhancing destructive sellar lesion. The patient underwent transsphenoidal removal of the lesion to alleviate visual loss. The histological features of the sellar tumor were identical to those of a follicular adenocarcinoma partially removed from the thyroid gland 22 months earlier. Total thyroidectomy followed by three courses of iodine-131 ablation enhanced with synthetic thyrotropin and thyroid hormone suppression therapy was instituted. The post-operative course was satisfactory with improved vision and ceased galactorrhea. This case was successfully treated with a combination of surgical removal, iodine-131 ablation and hormone suppression therapy, which resulted in disease control duration of four years. Sella turcica metastases of thyroid carcinoma are exceedingly rare and currently there are no established therapeutic guidelines.