A study on the effectiveness of breeding and support policies in Turkey's cattle sector

Yavuz F., Akbulut O., KESKİN A.

TURKISH JOURNAL OF VETERINARY & ANIMAL SCIENCES, vol.27, no.3, pp.645-650, 2003 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 27 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2003
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, TR DİZİN (ULAKBİM)
  • Page Numbers: pp.645-650
  • Keywords: cattle sector, breeding, support policies
  • Bursa Uludag University Affiliated: No


The proportion of Turkey's cattle that were from high-gene cattle breeds and their crosses has increased from 0.8% to 60.7% over the last four decades. While the total number of cattle declined by 1.65 million head, total milk and meat production increased by 298% and 428% to 8.91 million and 359,000 tons, respectively. At the same time, milk per cow and meat per head increased by 184% and 144% to 1688 kg and 171 kg, respectively. According to a three-stage least-square regression analysis, milk per cow and meat per head, support policies since 1972 and milk and meat prices had a significant positive impact on total milk and meat production, while feed prices had a significant and negative impact on milk and meat production. An increase in the proportion of high-gene cattle breeds and cross-breeds significantly increased milk per cow and meat per head. In contrast, the import of high-gene cattle since 1986 has not significantly affected milk per cow or meat per head.