Pan traps and bee body size in unmanaged urban habitats

Gonzalez V. H., Park K. E., ÇAKMAK İ., Hranitz J. M., Barthell J. F.

JOURNAL OF HYMENOPTERA RESEARCH, vol.51, pp.241-247, 2016 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 51
  • Publication Date: 2016
  • Doi Number: 10.3897/jhr.51.9353
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.241-247
  • Keywords: Anthophila, Halictidae, intertegular distance, sampling bias, urban ecology, HYMENOPTERA, COMMUNITY, APOIDEA, APIFORMES, LANDSCAPE, FOREST
  • Bursa Uludag University Affiliated: Yes


Pan traps are among the most popular methods employed to survey bees and changes in some functional traits, such as body size, are increasingly used to understand how bee communities and species respond to landscape changes. Herein we assess body size differences between bees captured at ground-level and elevated (70 cm) pan traps in unmanaged urban habitats in northwestern Turkey. We compare body size at the community level as well as for the sweat bee Lasioglossum malachurum (Kirby) (Halictidae: Halictini), the most abundant species. We also compare the diversity, richness and abundance of bees sampled at both heights. A total of 31 species (13 genera of three families) were captured. We did not find significant differences in the abundance nor in the species richness between heights, and Simpson's indices were similar. At the community level, average intertegular distance was significantly greater in bees collected at the elevated traps than on the ground. Intertegular distances in L. malachurum did not differ between elevated and ground-level pan traps. Our results show an effect of pan trap height on bee body size in the urban habitat surveyed, thus suggesting that assessing bee body size from samples collected with either ground-level or elevated pan traps alone might result in biased estimates of this functional trait.