Influence of chenille yarn manufacturing parameters on yarn and upholstery fabric abrasion resistance

Ozdemir O., Ceven E. K.

TEXTILE RESEARCH JOURNAL, vol.74, no.6, pp.515-520, 2004 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 74 Issue: 6
  • Publication Date: 2004
  • Doi Number: 10.1177/004051750407400609
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.515-520
  • Bursa Uludag University Affiliated: Yes


In this study, forty-eight different chenille yarns are produced on a chenille machine using a range of material types, twists, and gauges. In the first group, 4 Nm count chenille yarns are produced with six different pile materials, two different twists, and two different gauges. In the second group, 6 Nm count chenille yarns are produced with the same machine and material parameters. In order to measure the performance of chenille yams, their abrasion resistance is measured with a chenille yarn abrasion device, and the abrasion resistance of upholstery fabrics made from these yarns used as filling is measured with a Martindale wear and abrasion tester. The results of pile loss are evaluated according to material type, twist, and pile length of the chenille yams. Clearly, there is an improvement in abrasion resistance with increasing twist, gauge (pile length), and the use of natural fibers as pile materials, which may be due to increasing frictional behavior between the pile and lock yams.