Experimental investigation of 3D-printed auxetic core sandwich structures under quasi-static and dynamic compression and bending loads

Türkoğlu İ. K., Kasım H., Yazıcı M.



Auxiliary metamaterials designed according to the Negative Poisson’s Ratio (NPR) property are exciting structures due to their high impact strength, impact energy absorption abilities, and different damage mechanisms. These good mechanical features are suitable for aviation, automotive, and protective construction applications. These structures, whose most significant disadvantages are production difficulties, have become easier to produce with the development of 3D production technology and have been the subject of many studies in recent years. In this presented study, two conventional core geometries and three different auxetic geometries, commonly used in sandwich structures, were designed and produced with 3D printer technology. The strength and energy absorption capabilities of prototype sandwich structures investigated experimentally under bending loads with static and dynamic compression. Except for the re-entrant (RE) type core, the auxetic core foam sandwich structures demonstrate higher rigidity and load-carrying capacity than classical sinusoidal corrugated (SC) core and honeycomb (HC) core sandwich structures under both quasistatic and impact-loaded compression and three-point bending experiments. Double arrowhead (DAH) and tetrachiral (TC) auxetic cores outperformed honeycomb core in terms of specific quasistatic and impact load-bearing performance under compression by 1.5 ± 0.25 times. In three-point bending experiments under both quasi-static and impact loading conditions, the load-carrying capacity of the double arrowhead and tetrachiral auxetic cores was found to be more than 1,86 ± 0.38 times that of the honeycomb core sandwich panels.