An activating mutation of Janus kinase 2 (JAK2-V617F) was previously described in chronic myeloproliferative disorders (MPD). In previously published studies, the frequency of the JAK2-V617F mutation was determined to be 80-90 % for patients with polycythemia vera (PV) and 40-70 % for essential thrombocythemia (ET). In this study, we analyzed the relationship between the JAK2-V617F mutation and clinical-hematological parameters in Turkish patients with MPD and compared these findings with published studies from other geographic regions. A total of 148 patients were studied; of which, 70 were diagnosed with PV and 78 with ET. The mutation status of JAK2 was determined using a tetra-primer polymerase chain reaction. We found that 80 % of the PV group and 42 % of the ET group were positive for the JAK2-V617F mutation. When all patients were analyzed, the levels of white blood cells, hemoglobin and splenomegaly were significantly different in patients with the JAK2-V617F mutation (p < 0.05). To our knowledge, this study is the first to evaluate the relationship between MPD and JAK2-V617F in Turkish patients. The JAK2-V617F mutation is frequently detected in the Turkish patients with MPD, and especially in patients with PV. Hence, it would be useful to include JAK2 mutation screening in the initial evaluation of patients suspected to have MPD.