Effects of triton X-100 pretreatment of lyophilized and frozen-thawed ram sperm on preimplantation embryo developmental competence


ÜSTÜNER B. , YAĞCIOĞLU S., NUR Z. , ALÇAY S. , DEMİR K., GÖKÇE E., ...More

ANIMAL BIOTECHNOLOGY, 2022 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/10495398.2022.2041433
  • Title of Journal : ANIMAL BIOTECHNOLOGY
  • Keywords: Intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI), lyophilization, sheep, sperm plasma membrane, transgenic, PLASMA-MEMBRANE, IN-VITRO, INTRACYTOPLASMIC INJECTION, DNA INTEGRITY, BLASTOCYST DEVELOPMENT, OOCYTES, FERTILIZATION, SPERMATOZOA, ACROSOME, DECONDENSATION

Abstract

In this study, it was aimed to determine the effect of destruction of lyophilized and frozen-thawed ram sperm plasma and acrosomal membrane on development of embryos produced by intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI). Semen samples were divided into two groups for lyophilization (L) and freezing (F). For the removal of the plasma membrane, L and F groups were incubated with Triton X-100 (LTX-100 and FTX-100, respectively). Integrities of the plasma membrane, acrosome and chromatin structure were evaluated. Oocytes were injected with these sperm groups. Although no plasma membrane and acrosome integrities of the L (0.0%) group were detected, the plasma membrane integrity of the F group (69.4%) was significantly higher than the FTX-100 group (23.6%) (p < 0.05). The acrosome integrity of the FTX-100 group (3.80%) was significantly lower than the F group (55.6%) (p < 0.05). The chromatin integrities of L and F groups were higher than the Triton X-100 treated groups (p < 0.05). ICSIs with L, LTX-100, F and FTX-100 sperm were produced similar cleavage and blastocyst rates. In conclusion, data presented here confirm that ram spermatozoa can effectively be lyophilized and injected into oocytes for initiation of embryonic development and Triton X-100 pretreatment is not necessary while using lyophilized and frozen semen.