A longitudinal examination of the association between fear of COVID-19, resilience, and mental health during COVID-19 outbreak


PSYCHOLOGY HEALTH & MEDICINE, 2022 (Peer-Reviewed Journal) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/13548506.2022.2073378
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded, Social Sciences Citation Index, Scopus, Academic Search Premier, ASSIA, PASCAL, CAB Abstracts, CINAHL, Educational research abstracts (ERA), EMBASE, MEDLINE, Psycinfo, SportDiscus
  • Keywords: Fear of COVID-19, resilience, anxiety, depression, longitudinal mediation, DEPRESSION, STUDENTS, ANXIETY, STRESS


The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of fear of COVID-19 on depression and anxiety in longitudinal data and whether this relationship can be mediated by resilience. The sample of the study comprised of 144 university students (77% female and 23% male) between 18 and 39 years of age (M = 22.74 +/- 2.93) and participants completed the Fear of COVID-19 Scale (FCV-19S), Brief Resilience Scale (BRS), and Symptom Checklist-90-Revised (SCL-90-R) at Time 1 and Time 2. Mediation analyses demonstrated that resilience (T2) was a significant mediator between fear of COVID-19 (T1) and depression and anxiety (T2). The findings of the study highlight the potential key role of resilience as a protective factor against the negative effects of pandemic challenges on individuals' mental health.