Integrated control of postharvest diseases of sweet cherry with yeast antagonists and sodium bicarbonate applications within a hydrocooler


Karabulut O., Arslan Ü. , Ilhan K., Kuruoglu G.

POSTHARVEST BIOLOGY AND TECHNOLOGY, vol.37, no.2, pp.135-141, 2005 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 37 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2005
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.postharvbio.2005.03.003
  • Title of Journal : POSTHARVEST BIOLOGY AND TECHNOLOGY
  • Page Numbers: pp.135-141
  • Keywords: biological control, Prunus avium, B. cinerea, P. expansum, hydrocooling, BROWN-ROT, BIOLOGICAL-CONTROL, CANDIDA-OLEOPHILA, FOOD-ADDITIVES, BIOCONTROL, ANTHRACNOSE, FRUIT, DECAY, MOLD

Abstract

In vitro experiments showed that sodium bicarbonate (SBC) was effective in inhibiting the growth of Botrytis cinerea and Penicillium expansum. Radial growth of B. cinerea and P expansum was completely inhibited at 0.12 M (1%) SBC. Spore germination of B. cinerea and R expansum was completely inhibited in PDA containing 0.03 M (0.25%) SBC. Three storage experiments were conducted to investigate the effect of two yeast antagonists alone or in combination with SBC to control postharvest diseases of sweet cherry. In all experiments, treatments were applied to fruit within a hydrocooler prototype. Treatments with Kloeckera apiculata, Metschnikowia fructicola, SBC or their combinations significantly reduced the total decay incidence and the decay incidence caused by B. cinerea and R expansum. The efficacy of SBC treatments at 0.12 and 0.24 M (2%) was equal. The total decay incidence of fruit treated with K. apiculata, M. fructicola, at 0.12 M and 0.24 SBC, and control was 56.6, 49.5, 56.8, 47.2 and 87.3%, respectively. M. fructicola and K. apiculata populations changed little during 60 days of storage at 0 degrees C. The population of K. apiculata on fruit treated with the combination of yeast and 0.12 and 0.24 M SBC was significantly lower than a stand-alone treatment of K. apiculata. Similar results were recorded on fruit treated with the combination of M. fructicola and 0.24 M SBC. Yeast antagonists did not harm the appearance of fruit while 0.24 M SBC caused a slight injury on stems of fruit. (c) 2005 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.