Journal of the International Society for the History of Islamic Medicine, vol.5, no.10, pp.40-45, 2006 (Peer-Reviewed Journal)
Although Turkish medicine had sovereignty all over the world starting from the Middle Ages to 17th century, it was remained behind the developments in medicine in parallel with the regression of Ottoman Empire. Related with this situation, anatomy, which is one of the most important fields of the medicine, has also prevented the development of other fields related to anatomy. The development of autopsy in Ottoman period which describes the procedures made in order to determine especially the medical causes of deaths has remained behind when compared to the studies performed in west. The studies started after the permission taken in order to study on cadavers has led to developments in anatomy and its education in parallel with pathological anatomy as well as in forensic medicine which provides collaboration of medicine and law. In this study, the importance of autopsy, except in anatomic studies, in determination of death cause is considered and a forensic autopsy case was investigated from Ottoman period in 19th century.