A matter of debate for many years in art has been whether it is mimesis or creation and this issue has never reached a full conclusion. The aim of this research is to reveal artistic notion structures about art and to look into the question of whether art is mimesis or creation in Turkey. The survey method is the way to be followed in this study. The survey was prepared for artists, arts instructors, arts teachers and students who take professional art education. The results show that most people consider art as creativity but there is also place for opinions who see art as mimesis. (C) 2013 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd.