Spatiotemporal analysis of transition probabilities of wet and dry days under SSPs scenarios in the semi-arid Susurluk Basin, Türkiye


Şan M., Nacar S., Kankal M., Bayram A.

THE SCIENCE OF THE TOTAL ENVIRONMENT AN INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL FOR SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH INTO THE ENVIRONMENT AND ITS RELATIONSHIP WITH MAN, vol.912, pp.1-20, 2024 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

Abstract

Precipitation, especially in regions dominated by the Mediterranean climate, is one of the most critical parameters

of the hydrological cycle and the environment affected by climate change. One the one hand, the transition

probabilities of wet and dry days in precipitation occurrence are a relatively new topic, on the other hand these

are essential in defining the regional climate. For the first time, spatiotemporal variations of transition probabilities

of wet and dry days in the Susurluk Basin, northwestern Türkiye, dominated by a semi-arid Mediterranean

climate and also having a mountain climate, were analyzed based on the observation (1979–2014) and

future terms (2030–2059 as short and 2070–2099 as long), under four Shared Socioeconomic Pathways (SSPs)

scenarios. To do this, statistical downscaling was performed for 14 general circulation models (GCMs) from the

CMIP6. By applying an ensemble of four high-performing GCMs, four indices for transition probabilities of wet

and dry, i.e., a dry day following a dry day (FDD), a wet day following a dry day (FDW), a dry day following a

wet day (FWD), and a wet day following a wet day (FWW), were calculated, and their changes were determined

statistically. Monotonic and partial trends of the indices were also analyzed. According to the results, the FDD will increase in water year and wet period and autumn in the future, especially for the long term, in the basin

dominated by the FDD (75 % in water year). The risks are higher in the western part of the basin, where human

activities are intense, as the FDD is higher in this part than other parts especially in summer (90–100 %) in SSP3-

7.0 and SSP5-8.5 scenarios for the long term. So, the length of consecutive dry days in the wet period and water

year will increase in the basin, thus increasing the likelihood of droughts. As for the intra-term trends, the FDD

increases and the FWW decreases in the water year and seasons in SSP3-7.0 and SSP5-8.5, contrary to the

observation term.