Experimental and analytical progressive collapse evaluation of actual reinforced concrete structure

Sasani M., Bazan M., Sagiroglu S.

ACI STRUCTURAL JOURNAL, vol.104, no.6, pp.731-739, 2007 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 104 Issue: 6
  • Publication Date: 2007
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.731-739
  • Keywords: brittle failure, dynamic structural analysis, integrity requirements, load redistribution, progressive collapse
  • Bursa Uludag University Affiliated: No


One approach to evaluate progressive collapse of structures is to study the effects of instantaneous removal of a load-bearing element such as a column. In this paper using experimental and analytical results, potential progressive collapse of an actual 10-story reinforced concrete (RC) structure following the explosion of an exterior column is evaluated. Development of Vierendeel action is identified as the dominant mechanism in redistribution of loads in this structure. The concrete modulus of rupture is identified as an important parameter in limiting the maximum recorded vertical deformation of the system to only 0.25 in. (64 mm). The changes in the directions of bending moments in the vicinity of the removed column and their effects much as potential reinforcing bar pullout (bond failure) are studied. Potential failure modes and their consequences are studied. Some shortcomings of integrity requirements in current codes are pointed out and effects of beam reinforcement detail on the development of catenary action are discussed.