The effects of vitamins E and C on fracture healing in rats


Sarisozen B. , Durak K. , Dincer G.

JOURNAL OF INTERNATIONAL MEDICAL RESEARCH, vol.30, no.3, pp.309-313, 2002 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 30 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2002
  • Doi Number: 10.1177/147323000203000312
  • Title of Journal : JOURNAL OF INTERNATIONAL MEDICAL RESEARCH
  • Page Numbers: pp.309-313

Abstract

Forty-eight rats were divided into four groups of 12. For 3 days, each group received the following vitamins in once-daily doses: group 1, vitamin E only; group 2, vitamin C only; group 3, vitamins E and C; and group 4, no treatment (control). The right tibia of each rat was fractured on day 4; the rats then received the same regimen three times a week (once-daily doses) until day 21. Fracture healing was evaluated radiologically by measuring the callus indices, and histologically by a 5-point grading scale. On days 14 and 21, the callus index values in group 2 were statistically higher than those in the other groups. Histological evaluation scores in group 2 were the highest overall, and group 3 scores were higher than those in groups 1 and 4. These findings indicate that vitamin C accelerates fracture healing, vitamin E does not exert a marked effect on this process, and vitamins E and C in combination do not have a synergistic impact on fracture healing.