Guncel Pediatri, vol.21, no.1, pp.16-22, 2023 (ESCI)
Introduction: Neonatal meningitis is one of the important causes of mortality and morbidity in newborns. In this study, it was aimed to examine the microbiological factors, biochemical and clinical characteristics of neonatal meningitis cases, to reveal the risk factors, and to investigate the effect on the morbidities associated with meningitis in the first year of life. Materials and Methods: The files of patients diagnosed with meningitis in the level 3 Neonatal Intensive Care Unit between January 2010 and December 2015 were retrospectively analyzed. Results: There were 118 patients diagnosed with meningitis. The median gestational age of the patients was 32 weeks (24-40 weeks), and the median birth weight was 1987 grams (690-5020 grams). Most of the meningitis patients (n=106, 90%) were with late sepsis. The diagnosis day of those with poor prognosis was found to be greater [9.7 (2-28) days to 15.5 (3-138) days, p=0.03]. Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leukocytes were significantly higher in term babies with abnormal cranial magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings (p=0.037) and loss in hearing tests (p=0.045). CSF sugar levels were significantly lower in preterm babies with neuromotor retardation (p=0.001), history of seizures (p=0.003), abnormal cranial MRI findings (p=0.008) and hearing loss (p=0.005). Conclusion: In the long term, a significant number of cases with neonatal meningitis have neuromotor retardation and hearing problems. Factors that can be used as predictors for poor neurological development; late-onset day, increased CSF leukocyte in all babies, and decreased CSF sugar in preterm babies.