The effects of ergonomic training and preventive physiotherapy in musculo-skeletal pain

Dalkilinc M., Bumin G., Kayihan H.

PAIN CLINIC, vol.14, no.1, pp.75-79, 2002 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 14 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2002
  • Doi Number: 10.1163/156856902760189214
  • Journal Name: PAIN CLINIC
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.75-79
  • Bursa Uludag University Affiliated: No


The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of ergonomic training and preventive physiotherapy program in visual display terminal (VDT) operators with musculoskeletal pain. The study was carried out at Software Corporation in Turkey and a total 40 volunteer VDT operators consisting of 15 female and 25 male were included the study. The mean age of subjects was 27.30 +/- 4.70 years. The subjects were firstly evaluated by the National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health checklist to investigate the exposure of workers to risk factors associated with work-related upper limb problems using VAS (Visual Analog Scale) and RULA (Rapid Upper Limb Assessment). One week after this initial evaluation, the subjects were trained with an ergonomic and preventive physiotherapy program. Two sessions lasting 6 hours in total were given to two groups with 20 subjects in each. After the training all subjects were re-evaluated. There was a significant difference between the results of pretraining and postuaining tests (p < 0.05). A significant correlation between pain and RULA was also found (p < 0.05). This study revealed that preventive ergonomic training and physiotherapy programs were effective in reducing the musculoskeletal system pain, postural risk factors and work-related ergonomic and environmental risk factors.