Epidemiological Comparison between Two Decades of Pediatric Head Injury Hospitalization in Turkey in 2000–2010 and 2011–2020

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Taşkapılıoğlu M. Ö., Özmarasalı A. İ., Balcı M., Ocakoğlu G.

TURKISH NEUROSURGERY, vol.33, no.Ahead of print, pp.1-7, 2022 (SCI-Expanded)

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 33 Issue: Ahead of print
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.5137/1019-5149.jtn.41960-22.1
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, EMBASE, MEDLINE
  • Page Numbers: pp.1-7
  • Bursa Uludag University Affiliated: Yes


Head injury (HI) is common condition causing significant morbidity and mortality in pediatric age group (1,2). Its long term effect on social and cognitive development of children increases its importance. 

In the United States of America (USA) more than 64,000 child are hospitalized due to head injury and 650,000 pediatric patients are admitted to the emergency department annually the annual incidence of pediatric head injury hospitalization (3). In the USA, deaths from pediatric head trauma are more than 3,000 per year (4). In the United Kingdom the presentation for head injury in children were increased %10 in a decade (1).

The most common mechanism that cause head injury in children are fall from height and traffic accidents depending on the age of the patients. Fall and child abuse are more common in younger children while traffic accidents and sport related injuries play a greater role in older children. The most of the pediatric head injuries are minor, but small number of severe injuries may affect the individuals lifelong causing significant emotional and physical defects.

The aim of this study is to understand the changing trends in pediatric head injury in a university hospital comparing two decades.