JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES-TARIM BILIMLERI DERGISI, vol.13, no.3, pp.253-260, 2007 (SCI-Expanded)
The quality of the soil tillage and seedbed preparation depends on how well tillage equipment is designed and its purposed function. However, the abrasion and the deformation on tillage equipment are important factors that effect work quality in undesirable way. The deformed tillage tines and moldboard plough blades causes the soil to shift and in order to increase soil deformation energy as well as the tillage expenses, In this study, a three point hitched two unit moldboard plow as well as trapezoidal blades is used in two split plots where total is 60 decares. The amount of deformation on material loss from the plow blades were determined by using the image processing and weight loss determination together with the planimeter measurements. The Global Lab Image 2 Streamline software for trial version is used as image processing purposes. The mean material loss is determined as 33.6 g per decare by the use as the result of the weight loss of the moldboard blades. The mean material loss that is defined as the projection area of the blades is determined as 61.6 cm(2) as the result of the image processing measurement of the moldboard blades. The mean material loss is also determined as 61.8 cm(2) as the result of the planimeter measurement of the moldboard blades. It was found that the soil texture and the compaction had a great effect on the material deformation of the blades. On the other hand, the results of experiments show blades on the back units had less material loss compared with the blades on front units respectively.