International Antalya Scientific Research and Innovative Studies Congress, Antalya, Turkey, 18 - 21 December 2021, pp.588-589
The COVID-19 epidemic, which affected the whole world in a short time, has caused significant changes in people's travel behaviors. Examining and analyzing these changes in travel behaviors and making the necessary inferences in this regard are important for attaining sustainable transportation plans. For this purpose, first the actual public transportation usage data was examined to reveal the changes in public transportation usage (light rail system, bus and tram) in Bursa. Then, based on the data containing the travel behaviors of 767 people who participated in an online survey over the internet, changes on the travel behaviors during the pandemic were investigated to understand the reasons behind. Accordingly, the effects of vehicle ownership, distance between home and workplace, gender, age, education level, income status on public transportation use were investigated. In addition, the situation in the preferred mode of transportation to the workplace and mode for other transportation needs (health, shopping, travel, etc.) was evaluated for the pre-pandemic and pandemic period. According to the results, it is seen that there is a significant decrease in the use of public transportation during the pandemic period. As a result, it is seen that the tendency to use personal vehicles as the preferred mode of meeting transportation needs during the pandemic period has increased. The most important reason for the decrease in the use of public transportation and the increase in the tendency to personal vehicles is that people find places such as public transportation more inadequate in terms of hygiene and therefore tend to stay away.