Upregulation of dual-specificity phosphatase-26 is required for transforming growth factor β1(TGFβ1)-induced Epithelial-mesenchymal transition in A549 and PANC1 cells.

Guler S., Zik B., Yalcin A.

Molecular biology reports, vol.49, no.11, pp.10195-10204, 2022 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 49 Issue: 11
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s11033-022-07893-1
  • Journal Name: Molecular biology reports
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Aquatic Science & Fisheries Abstracts (ASFA), BIOSIS, CAB Abstracts, Chemical Abstracts Core, EMBASE, MEDLINE, Veterinary Science Database
  • Page Numbers: pp.10195-10204
  • Keywords: TGF beta 1, Epithelial-mesenchymal transition, Dual-specifity phosphatases, MAPK, DUSP26, GENE-EXPRESSION, CANCER, MAPK, SMAD, OVEREXPRESSION, RESISTANCE, INDUCTION, EMT
  • Bursa Uludag University Affiliated: Yes


Background Transforming Growth Factor β (TGFβ) proteins are potent inducers of the epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) in tumor cells. Although mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) family has been shown to be involved in TGFβ- induced EMT, role of Dual Specificity Phosphatases (DUSP), key regulators of MAPK activity, in TGFβ-induced EMT is largely unkonwn.

Methods and results Real-time qPCR analyses were performed to determine the effect of TGFβ1 on expression of EMT genes and DUSP proteins in the non-small cell lung cancer model A549 and pancreatic adenocarcinoma model PANC1 cells. Western blot analyses were conducted to study the changes in protein levels of EMT proteins and select DUSP proteins, as well as phosphorylations of MAPK proteins upon TGFβ1 stimulation. Small interfering RNA (siRNA) was utilized to reduce expressions of DUSP genes. We observed that the EMT phenotype coincided with increases in phosphorylations of the MAPK proteins ERK1/2, p38MAPK, and JNK upon TGFβ1 stimulation. Real-time qPCR analysis showed increases in DUSP15 and DUSP26 mRNA levels and Western blot analysis confirmed the increase in DUSP26 protein levels in both A549 and PANC1 cells treated with TGFβ1 relative to control. Silencing of DUSP26 expression by siRNA markedly sup- pressed the effect of TGFβ1 on E-cadherin and mesenchymal genes in the cells.

Conclusions Data provided suggest that TGFβ1 modulates the expression of DUSP genes and that upregulation of DUSP26 may be required for TGFβ1-promoted EMT in A549 and PANC1 cells. Further studies should be carried out to elucidate the requirement of individual DUSPs in TGFβ1-associated EMT in tumor cells.