International Trade of Green Products: An Analysis of Transportation Technologies


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Aydemir M. F., Öztürkçü N.

Bursa International Trade and Logistics Symposium-II, Bursa, Turkey, 10 May 2024, pp.205-214

  • Publication Type: Conference Paper / Full Text
  • City: Bursa
  • Country: Turkey
  • Page Numbers: pp.205-214
  • Bursa Uludag University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

In order to minimize the extent of environmental problems, the production of greenn products, which are defined by their environmentally friendly properties, lower pollution levels and convertibility, has become increasingly important in recent years. Although green products are classified under many headings, transportation, which is the second largest source of carbon emissions after energy conversion, and transportation technology products of transportation come to the forefront in this classification. Transportation technology products encompass a multitude of items, including electric cars, electric motors, electric batteries, electric heating resistances, and electric motors. The production of these products can confer a competitive advantage upon countries and companies while simultaneously mitigating environmental issues. Consequently, the objective of this study is to analyze the international trade of green transportation technology products that can bestow a competitive advantage upon Türkiye. The selected Harmonized System (HS) coded product groups for transportation technologies, spanning the period from 2012 to 2022, were obtained from the Trade Map database. Consequently, the revealed comparative advantage (RCA) index was employed. The RCA index indicates that Türkiye has a comparative advantage in two of the selected transportation technology product groups: electric heating elements and parts and accessories for motor vehicles. Concurrently, Türkiye is a net exporter in one product group, namely parts and accessories for motor vehicles. Although Türkiye has a trade surplus in transportation technology product groups that are considered important for reducing carbon emissions in the period 2012-2022, it has a comparative advantage in a limited number of product groups. Moreover, Türkiye has the potential to gain a comparative advantage in lead-acid storage batteries.