Genome screen for twinning rate QTL in four North American Holstein families

Cobanoglu Ö., Berger P., Kirkpatrick B.

ANIMAL GENETICS, vol.36, no.4, pp.303-308, 2005 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 36 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2005
  • Doi Number: 10.1111/j.1365-2052.2005.01299.x
  • Journal Name: ANIMAL GENETICS
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.303-308
  • Keywords: dairy cattle, microsatellite, quantitative trait loci, selective DNA pooling, twinning rate, QUANTITATIVE TRAIT LOCI, OVULATION RATE QTL, DAIRY-CATTLE, LINKAGE, POPULATION, MARKER, IDENTIFICATION, DAUGHTER
  • Bursa Uludag University Affiliated: No


The objective of this study was to identify twinning rate quantitative trait loci (QTL) by typing pooled samples in a preliminary screening followed by interval mapping to test QTL effects. Four elite North American Holstein half-sib sire families with high twinning rate predicted transmitting abilities (PTA) were used in this study. Chromosomes 5, 7, 19 and 23 were not genotyped as these chromosomes were scanned for QTL in these families in a previous study. DNA was extracted from phenotypically extreme sons in each sire family. Two pools were prepared from sons of sires in each phenotypic tail, two each for high and low PTA levels for twinning rates. Each pool contained DNA from 4 to 15% of all sons of the sire depending on family. A total of 268 fluorescently labelled microsatellite markers were tested for heterozygosity in sires. About 135-170 informative markers per family were genotyped using pooled DNA samples. Based on the preliminary evidence for potential twinning rate QTL from pooled typing, interval mapping was performed subsequently on 12 chromosomal regions by family combinations. Evidence of QTL for twinning rate was found in one family on BTA21 and 29 at a chromosome-wide P < 0.05 and on BTA8, 10 and 14 with a chromosome-wide P < 0.01.