The association of temperament with nausea and vomiting during early pregnancy


Bahadirli A., SÖNMEZ M. B. , MEMİŞ Ç. Ö. , Bahadirli N. B. , Memis S. D. , DOĞAN B., ...More

JOURNAL OF OBSTETRICS AND GYNAECOLOGY, vol.39, no.7, pp.969-974, 2019 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

Abstract

We aimed to investigate the relationship between affective temperaments and the severity of nausea and vomiting symptoms in early pregnancy (NVP). The pregnant women who did (n = 187) or did not report (n = 71) any nausea and vomiting at three consecutive assessments with the Pregnancy-Unique Quantification of Emesis Scoring Index (PUQE) (n = 71) were examined. Affective temperamental traits were assessed by Temperament Evaluation of Memphis, Pisa, Paris and San Diego auto-questionnaire (TEMPS-A). The anxious (p < .0001), depressive (p = .003), cyclothymic (p = .03) and irritable (p = .021) temperament traits in NVP patients were significantly higher than in controls. There were significant correlations between the PUQE scores and depressive (p = .002), cyclothymic (p = .001), irritable (p = .001) and anxious (p = .001) traits. Anxious temparement (p = .004) and being a housewife (p = .012) were significantly associated with NVP. Our results suggest that women with a predominantly anxious temperament are more vulnerable to developing somatic complaints such as nausea and vomiting during pregnancy.