Waspaloy, as a nickel superalloy, is a difficult-to-machine material used for gas turbine engine components that require considerable strength and corrosion resistance at high operating temperatures. The machining of nickel-based alloys generates high temperatures at the cutting tool edge. This research investigated the relationship between cutting parameters and cutting temperature, using a remote temperature measurement method employing an infrared thermometer. In addition, the effects of cutting parameters on surface roughness were examined. Experiments were conducted on Waspaloy AMS5708 superalloy samples and a PVD TiAlN-TiN-coated WNVG 080404-IC907 carbide insert was used during the turning process. It was observed that the highest cutting speed and highest feed rate generated higher temperatures and higher surface roughness. Better surface roughness was obtained with the lowest feed rate, the highest cutting speed and the higher cutting depth. No cutting fluid was used in the experiments.