Temporal Evolution of Imaging Findings in Ossified Cephalohematoma


Kandemirli S. G. , Cingoz M., BİLGİN C., Olmaz B.

JOURNAL OF CRANIOFACIAL SURGERY, vol.31, no.4, 2020 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 31 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.1097/scs.0000000000006319
  • Journal Name: JOURNAL OF CRANIOFACIAL SURGERY
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, EMBASE, MEDLINE
  • Bursa Uludag University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

Background: Cephalohematoma is collection of blood between skull and periosteum that is confined by cranial sutures. Cephalohematomas usually resorb spontaneously within the first month of life; however, if it fails to resolve, ossified cephalohematoma may form. Methods: Clinical archiving system and picture archiving and communication system were retrospectively reviewed for cases of birth-related cephalohematoma. Cases of ossified cephalohematomas identified on imaging were retrieved from this subset of patients. Cross-sectional imaging findings in patients with ossified cephalohematomas were evaluated for location, size of the hematoma, and contours of the inner lamella. Results: Out of 115 cases of cephalohematoma, 7 cases had imaging findings consistent with ossified cephalohematoma. All ossified cephalohematomas were located parietally, with size ranging between 18 and 55 mm and the thickness of the outer rim of calcification ranging between 1.5 and 4.8 mm. The contour of inner lamella in relation to the surrounding normal cranial vault was normal in 5 cases, and inner lamella was depressed in 2 cases. Three patients had follow-up imaging available for demonstration of changes in ossified cephalohematoma. The first case was an 11 day-old boy with a cephalohematoma with no signs of calcification at the time of initial imaging. Follow-up at 2 months of age showed partial regression of hematoma cavity with marked calcification at the hematoma walls. The second case was a 3 month-old boy with ossified cephalohematoma at initial imaging. Follow-up imaging at 7 months of age showed almost total regression of hematoma cavity, and approximation of inner and outer lamella with increased thickness of the cranial vault. The third case was a 1 month-old boy with ossified cephalohematoma at initial imaging that totally resolved without residual increased bone thickness at 21-month follow-up. Conclusion: These 3 cases demonstrate the variability in temporal changes that may occur in ossified cephalohematomas.