Comparison of callus formation and plantlet regeneration capacity from immature embryo culture of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) genotypes

Daguestue N.

BIOTECHNOLOGY & BIOTECHNOLOGICAL EQUIPMENT, vol.22, no.3, pp.778-781, 2008 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier


Seventeen winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) genotypes were evaluated on the capacity of callus formation and plantlet regeneration from immature embryo cultures. The genotypes tested were: Katia, Pehlivan, Samsun 46, Tahirova, Samsun 526, Adapazari 562. Ziyabey, Basribey, Bandirma 97. Karacabey, Prostor, Saray Bosna, marmara 86, Ozdemirbey Samsun-Bafra 333, Ceyhan 271 and Population 311. lmmature embryos of 12 - 16 days old were placed with the scutellum upward on a modified Murashige and Skoog (MS) medium containing 1.0 in,mg 2.4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid/liter (2.4-D). Shoots and plantlets developed were regenerated by transferring to 2,4-D free medium. Calluses were either contact and frequeutly embryogenic, or soft and watery. The regeneration capacity as higher on compact callus than soft. The actual percentage callus formation ranged, from 2.4 to 100%, depending upon genotype. All the genotypes tested induced callus, 15 had callus with green slots, and 13 regenerated plantlets. Over 2.50 plantlets were regenerated from callus tissue. The influence of genotype on callus formation and plantlets regeneration was significant. The genotypes with the high regeneration capacity, as Basribey at 93.3%, Tahirova of 79.7%, and Pehlivan at 79.5% are good biological materials,for experiments involving of callus from zygotic immature embryos.