Role of increased plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 and vitronectin in gestational diabetes mellitus

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ÖZGEN L., Ozgen G., Dincgez B., Bayram F.

Revista da Associacao Medica Brasileira (1992), vol.69, no.9, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier


OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to analyze the second-trimester levels of vitronectin and plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 in gestational diabetes mellitus. METHODS: This study was conducted between September 2020 and December 2020 at the University of Health Sciences, Bursa Yuksek Ihtisas Research and Training Hospital, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology. A total of 30 pregnant women with gestational diabetes mellitus and 60 healthy controls between 24 and 27/6 weeks of gestation were included. The inclusion criteria were as follows: being between 18 and 45 years old and 24-27/6 gestational weeks, having singleton pregnancy, diagnosed with gestational diabetes mellitus by using a two-step challenge test. The exclusion criteria of this study were as follows: chronic inflammatory or infectious disease, fasting blood glucose>126 mg/dL, intolerance to glucose tolerance testing, abnormal liver or kidney function tests, as well as pregnancy with pre-gestational diabetes history of adverse perinatal outcomes. Serum vitronectin and plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 levels were measured using the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay method. RESULTS: Vitronectin and plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 levels were higher in the gestational diabetes mellitus group compared with controls [91.85 (23.08) vs. 80.10 (39.18) ng/mL, for vitronectin and 6.50 (1.05) vs. 4.35(1.0) ng/mL, for plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (for both p<0.001)]. vitronectin >84.7 ng/mL was found to predict gestational diabetes mellitus with a sensitivity of 70% and specificity of 63.3%. Moreover, vitronectin had a significant positive correlation with fasting blood glucose (r=0.476, p<0.001), postprandial blood glucose (r=0.489, p<0.001), HbA1c (r=0.713, p<0.001), and plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (r=0.586, p<0.001). CONCLUSION: This study revealed that second-trimester vitronectin and plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 are increased in gestational diabetes mellitus and vitronectin could be a candidate for the prediction of gestational diabetes mellitus.