Atmospheric organochlorine pesticide (OCP) levels in a metropolitan city in Turkey


CİNDORUK S. S.

CHEMOSPHERE, vol.82, no.1, pp.78-87, 2011 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 82 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2011
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2010.10.003
  • Title of Journal : CHEMOSPHERE
  • Page Numbers: pp.78-87
  • Keywords: Bursa, Gas/particle partitioning, Spatial and temporal variation, Air concentrations, POLYCYCLIC AROMATIC-HYDROCARBONS, POLYCHLORINATED-BIPHENYLS PCBS, SEMIVOLATILE ORGANIC-COMPOUNDS, AIR PARTITION-COEFFICIENTS, CHEMICAL PROPERTY DATA, LONG-RANGE TRANSPORT, AMBIENT AIR, GAS/PARTICLE CONCENTRATIONS, VAPOR-PRESSURES, URBAN SITE

Abstract

Air concentrations of organochlorine pesticides (OCPs) were measured at four different sites in Bursa, Turkey to determine current levels. For this purpose, about 35 samples were collected from June 2008 to June 2009 using a high volume air sampler (HVAS) equipped with particle and gas-phase units. Ten OCP compounds (alpha-, beta-, gamma-, delta-hexachlorocyclohexane, Heptachlor epoxide, Endrin, Endosulfan beta, Endrin aldehyde, p,p'-DDT and Methoxychlor) were reported within the scope of this study. The average concentrations of total (particle + gas) Sigma OCPs were 550.9 +/- 277.6 pg m(-3) (coastal), 1030.7 +/- 453.5 pg m(-3) (urban/traffic), 519.7 +/- 277.5 pg m(-3) (semi-rural) and 722.8 +/- 351.8 pg m(-3) (urban/residential). The individual OCP concentrations were in line with reported concentrations. The maximum particle and gas-phase concentrations were determined for Endosulfan beta and beta-HCH for all sites, respectively. Available gas/particle partitioning models were applied in order to investigate the compatibility of the experimental data and the significant relationships were observed. (C) 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.