Besides the general state of music training applied in Turkey from the Ottoman period till today, music types used in primary schools and junior high schools and their place and importance within the curriculum have been analysed in this research. The research was carried out through the use of the descriptive method in order to put forward the existing state. The resource scanning technique was used as a tool for data collection and related books and scientific articles were analysed. At the end of the research, the view that our traditional tunes are an important factor of our national music education was specified. Starting from this opinion, the necessity of the principal understanding "Creating Turkish school music pieces by handling our traditional music with a contemporary approach, multiplying these samples and using more of this type of music in music teaching" was put forward to answer the problem of our educational music. (C) 2015 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd.