ADHD and Risk of Childhood Adiposity: a Review of Recent Research


Turan S. , Tuncturk M., Ciray R. O. , HALAÇ E., Ermis C.

CURRENT NUTRITION REPORTS, vol.10, no.1, pp.30-46, 2021 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Review
  • Volume: 10 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s13668-020-00346-w
  • Title of Journal : CURRENT NUTRITION REPORTS
  • Page Numbers: pp.30-46
  • Keywords: ADHD, Obesity, Fat, Childhood adiposity, BMI, Children, ATTENTION-DEFICIT/HYPERACTIVITY DISORDER, DEFICIT HYPERACTIVITY DISORDER, PHYSICAL-ACTIVITY, OBESITY, CHILDREN, SYMPTOMS, ASSOCIATION, MEDICATION, OVERWEIGHT, BEHAVIOR

Abstract

Purpose of Review Attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is considered as a risk factor for childhood adiposity and obesity. Studies on ADHD have provided limited data concerning the connections between eating habits, body mass index, and obesity. The purpose of this review was to examine the current literature regarding recent cohort and cross-sectional studies to determine the links between ADHD and childhood adiposity. Recent Findings Studies in this review were classified into dietary features, nutritional status, neuroimaging findings, genetic overlapping, behavioral, cognitive, and neurocognitive aspects that play a role in mediating and moderating the relationship between ADHD and obesity. While ADHD, childhood adiposity, and overweight/obesity co-occur in children and adolescents, this relationship is largely explained by a variety of multidirectional factors.