The influence of risk factors in promoting thrombosis during childhood: The role of acquired factors

Gunes A., Baytan B., Gunay U.

PEDIATRIC HEMATOLOGY AND ONCOLOGY, vol.23, no.5, pp.399-410, 2006 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 23 Issue: 5
  • Publication Date: 2006
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/08880010600646324
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.399-410
  • Bursa Uludag University Affiliated: Yes


Thrombo-embolism in childhood is a multifactorial disorder. The present study is a case-control study that investigated the role of genetic and acquired risk factors in 60 children with thrombosis and compared the results with the controls. Acquired and inherited risk factors precipitating thrombosis were present in 75 and 40% of the thrombotic children, respectively. The most frequent acquired risk factor was infection (58%). Of the genetic factors, factor V G20210A was the most common (38%). The comparison of the genetic and acquired risk factors in thrombotic versus nonthrombotic settings identified that acquired factors played a more significant role in causing thrombosis (OR:14.44; 95% CI: 7.05-29.94, p < .001). This study has clearly suggested that the prevention of acquired risk factors, particularly infection, could decrease the risk of thrombosis in pediatric cases.