The effects of vitamin A, pentoxyfylline and methylprednisolone on experimentally induced amyloid arthropathy in brown layer chicks


Sevimli A., Misirlioglu D., Polat U., Yalcin M., Akkoc A., Uguz C.

AVIAN PATHOLOGY, vol.34, no.2, pp.143-149, 2005 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 34 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2005
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/03079450500059149
  • Journal Name: AVIAN PATHOLOGY
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.143-149
  • Bursa Uludag University Affiliated: No

Abstract

The effects of vitamin A, pentoxyfylline and methylprednisolone on experimentally induced amyloid arthropathy were investigated. In this study, 175 1-day-old brown layer chicks were used. Throughout the study Group II ( vitamin A) received high doses of vitamin A ( 75 000 IU/kg), whereas Group I ( negative control), Group III ( positive control), Group IV ( pentoxyfylline) and Group V ( methylprednisolone) received normal levels of vitamin A in the diet. At the fifth week, the experimental Groups II, III, IV and V were injected with Freund's adjuvant intra-articularly to induce amyloid arthropathy. Group IV received pentoxyfylline and Group V received methylprednisolone ( 10 mg/kg, intramuscularly) once. Joint and blood samples were examined 13 weeks after the injections. The values in Groups I, II, III, IV and V, respectively, were as follows: amyloid arthropathy formation (%), 0, 100, 87, 76, 66; serum amyloid A (ng/ml), 1669/17, 607 +/- 40, 423 +/- 39, 342 +/- 27, 293 +/- 22; serum retinol (mu g/dl): 59.75 +/- 3.8, 42.72 +/- 3, 59.24 +/- 3.6, 102 +/- 9.1, 101.3 +/- 12.3; heterophil/lymphocyte ratio: 0.504, 0.75, 0.75, 0.087, 0.44. In conclusion, it was observed that vitamin A enhanced the development of amyloid arthropathy and there were positive associations between amyloidosis, increased levels of serum amyloid A and increased numbers of tissue infiltrating macrophages. Methylprednisolone had a more successful inhibitory effect on amyloid arthropathy than pentoxyfylline.