Effects of rim thickness and drive side pressure angle on gear tooth root stress and fatigue crack propagation life

Dogan O., Yuce C., KARPAT F.

ENGINEERING FAILURE ANALYSIS, vol.122, 2021 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 122
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.engfailanal.2021.105260
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, Aerospace Database, Communication Abstracts, Compendex, INSPEC, Metadex, DIALNET, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Keywords: Rim thickness, Gear tooth root stress, Crack propagation, Fatigue life, Gear failure
  • Bursa Uludag University Affiliated: Yes


Gears are the most significant machine elements in power transmission systems. They are used in almost every area of the industry, such as small watches to wind turbines. During the power transmission, gears are subjected to high loads, even unstable conditions, high impact force can be seen. Due to these unexpected conditions, cracks can be seen on the gear surfaces. Moreover, these cracks can propagate, and tooth or body failures can be seen. The fatigue propagation life is related to the gear tooth root stress. If the root stresses decrease, the fatigue life of the gears will increase. In this study, standard and non-standard (asymmetric) gear geometries are formed for four different rim thicknesses and four different pressure angles to examine fatigue crack prop-agation life. Moreover, the effects of the rim thickness and drive side pressure angle on the root stress are investigated. The static stress analyses are carried out to determine the starting points of the cracks, and the maximum point of the stress is defined as the starting point of the cracks. Fatigue crack propagation analyzes are performed for gears whose crack starting points are determined. The static stress analyses are conducted in ANSYS Workbench; similarly, the fatigue propagation analysis is performed in ANSYS smart crack growth. In this way, the directions of the cracks are determined for different rim thicknesses and drive side pressure angles. Besides, the number of cycles and da/dN graphs is obtained for all cases depending on crack propagation. As a result of the study, maximum stress values were decreased by 66%. The fatigue propagation life was increased approximately fifteen times by using the maximum drive side pressure angle and optimum rim thickness.