Kinematic design and motion analysis of spatial rapier drive mechanisms used in weaving machines

EREN R. , Erturk M., Hascelik B.

TEXTILE RESEARCH JOURNAL, vol.84, no.19, pp.2065-2073, 2014 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 84 Issue: 19
  • Publication Date: 2014
  • Doi Number: 10.1177/0040517514534754
  • Page Numbers: pp.2065-2073


This paper presents an approach for the kinematic design of a rapier drive mechanism containing a spatial mechanism and analyses rapier motion curve. Kinematic design and analysis equations are derived and then the link lengths of the spatial mechanism are calculated in order to satisfy the critical rapier positions inside and outside the shed. In this way, the portions of one loom revolution, during which the rapiers are inside and outside the shed, are determined. The rapier motion curve is obtained by using kinematic analysis equations. It is shown that the position of the oscillating link in the spatial mechanism and the loom main shaft angle at which the rapier enters the shed have the most significant effect on the rapier motion curve. The gear ratio has also some effect on the rapier motion curve. Different rapier motion curves are obtained by changing these parameters and the suitability of these curves for rapier motion is discussed.