A Conceptual Design and Analysis of a Novel Trigeneration System Consisting of a Gas Turbine Power Cycle with Intercooling, Ammonia-Water Absorption Refrigeration, and Hot Water Production


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ALTUN A. F.

SUSTAINABILITY, vol.14, no.19, 2022 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 14 Issue: 19
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.3390/su141911820
  • Journal Name: SUSTAINABILITY
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI), Scopus, Aerospace Database, CAB Abstracts, Communication Abstracts, Food Science & Technology Abstracts, Geobase, INSPEC, Metadex, Veterinary Science Database, Directory of Open Access Journals, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Keywords: trigeneration, absorption, ammonia-water, gas turbine, THERMODYNAMIC ANALYSIS, THERMOECONOMIC ANALYSIS, HYDROGEN-PRODUCTION, EXERGY ANALYSIS, COMBINED HEAT, OPTIMIZATION, PERFORMANCE, ENERGY, WIND, COGENERATION
  • Bursa Uludag University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

In this study, the performance of a novel trigeneration system with a gas turbine prime mover, an ammonia-water refrigeration system, and a hot water generation system is investigated from thermodynamic and economic standpoints. The effects of various operating conditions on energy efficiency and the levelized cost of energy are investigated. The proposed system has a production capacity of 45.4 kW power, 14.07 kW cooling rate, and 16.32 kW heat rate. The efficiency of the gas turbine cycle is 49.7%, and it becomes 83.0% after the implementation of the trigeneration system. Through combined heating, cooling, and power generation, primary energy input and the CO2 emissions will be 49% lower compared to separate production. According to the exergy analysis, the combustion chamber is the main component where the greatest exergy destruction occurs. Sensitivity analysis revealed that an increase in the ambient temperature results in a decrease in the energy utilization factor and the net power output. The LCOE of the system is around 0.02 $/kWh, whereas the unit price of the local electricity from the grid is 0.09 $/kWh. The payback period of the absorption sub-cycle is between 4 months and 4 years, depending on the annual operation time of the chiller.