To evaluate the effectiveness of pneumatic lithotripsy, 92 patients with 98 lower or mid-ureteric calculi and 8 with vesical calculi were treated with pneumatic lithotripsy (Swiss Lithoclast) under spinal anaesthesia. Successful stone fragmentation was achieved in 96 patients. In two patients their stones migrated to the upper ureter and renal pelvis during the procedure and so they were referred for extra corporeal shock wave lithotripsy. Total ureteral avulsion occurred in one patient and in another case attempts to dilate the stenotic ureteral orifice failed. In both cases, ureterolithotomy and ureteral reimplantation were performed. Pneumatic lithotripsy is found to be an easy, reliable and cost-effective method of endoscopic lithotripsy.