Predictive Values of Hematological Parameters for Determining Imminent Brain Death: A Retrospective Study


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Çevikkalp E., TAŞKAPILIOĞLU M. Ö.

Medicina (Lithuania), vol.59, no.2, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 59 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.3390/medicina59020417
  • Journal Name: Medicina (Lithuania)
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, EMBASE, MEDLINE, Directory of Open Access Journals
  • Keywords: lymphocyte-to-monocyte ratio, neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio, platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio, platelet-to-neutrophil ratio, brain death, TO-LYMPHOCYTE RATIO, INTRACEREBRAL HEMORRHAGE, CLINICAL-OUTCOMES, NEUTROPHIL, MORTALITY, PLATELET, COUNT
  • Bursa Uludag University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

Background and Objectives: The inflammatory cells released after intracranial hemorrhage, such as monocytes, macrophages, and neutrophils, activate the inflammatory system. These parameters can be used to evaluate the clinical course of diseases. This study aims to evaluate these parameters as possible predictors for evaluating the development of brain death. Materials and Methods: Patients with a Glasgow coma scale score below 7 were assigned to Group BD (patients with brain death) and Group ICH (intracranial hemorrhage). The neutrophil, lymphocyte, platelet, monocyte counts, neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR), lymphocyte-to-monocyte ratio (LMR), and platelet-to-neutrophil ratio (PNR) were measured at admission. Results: A high WBC count, neutrophil count, NLR, and PLR and a low lymphocyte count, LMR, and PNR were found to be significant for determining brain death. The area under the curve (AUC) values of NLR, PNR, PLR, and LMR to discriminate brain death were 0.63, 0.61, 0.56, and 0.61, respectively. Conclusion: NLR, PNR, PLR, and LMR are easily accessible and reliable parameters that can be used to predict the development of brain death and can be estimated by a simple complete blood count test.