Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbon (PAH) Residues in the Honeybee, Honey, and Pollen and Estimation of Atmospheric Concentrations in Bursa, Turkey


Sari M. F., ESEN F.

Polycyclic Aromatic Compounds, vol.44, no.1, pp.457-472, 2024 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 44 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2024
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/10406638.2023.2174996
  • Journal Name: Polycyclic Aromatic Compounds
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, Aerospace Database, Applied Science & Technology Source, CAB Abstracts, Chemical Abstracts Core, Communication Abstracts, Food Science & Technology Abstracts, Metadex, Pollution Abstracts, Veterinary Science Database, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Page Numbers: pp.457-472
  • Keywords: Biomonitoring, bee products, honeybee, PAHs, PERSISTENT ORGANIC POLLUTANTS, POLYCHLORINATED-BIPHENYLS, PESTICIDE-RESIDUES, DIAGNOSTIC RATIOS, URBAN AREAS, AIR, SAMPLES, PCBS, SOIL, EXCHANGE
  • Bursa Uludag University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

© 2023 Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) concentrations in urban and semi-urban areas were determined in the honeybee, honey and pollen in Bursa, Turkey. The total of 14 PAH (∑14PAH) concentrations measured in the honeybee in the urban and semi-urban areas were 267.65 ± 74.15 ng/g (mean ± standard deviation) and 109.11 ± 19.86 ng/g, respectively. Similarly, the ∑14PAH concentrations measured in honey were 650.24 ± 97.60 and 464.32 ± 57.92 ng/g, respectively, and measured in pollen were 304.32 ± 184.73 and 329.62 ± 154.24 ng/g, respectively. The PAH sources were determined using diagnostic ratios. According to the diagnostic ratios, it was concluded that the sources generally originated from the combustion of coal and biomass. In addition, the PAHs in both sampling areas showed a more dominant distribution in honey samples. The Pearson correlation coefficient method was applied to determine the relationships among the samples. According to the correlation results, there was a strong correlation between the honeybee and pollen samples in both sampling areas, while there were lower correlation results for the honey samples. Finally, atmospheric PAH concentrations were estimated using the leaf/air partition coefficients available in the literature with the help of pollen samples. According to the results obtained, it was determined that pollen samples can be used to estimate atmospheric PAH concentrations.