What Does Throwing Apple Tradition In Erzurum Weddings Tell?

Ustunova K.

MILLI FOLKLOR, no.90, pp.146-155, 2011 (AHCI) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: Issue: 90
  • Publication Date: 2011
  • Journal Name: MILLI FOLKLOR
  • Journal Indexes: Arts and Humanities Citation Index (AHCI), Scopus, TR DİZİN (ULAKBİM)
  • Page Numbers: pp.146-155
  • Bursa Uludag University Affiliated: Yes


There is a special place of wive in Turkish culture. The wive, also, comes to mean breeding, furthering generation, keeping name alive and in short continuity. So it has been cared and tried to give the meaning with various demonstrations at all periods and in all regions. "Throwing apple ceremony" which is commemorated in Erzurum weddings for that purpose is continuation of the scenes of fruit presentation which have been transmitted from Central Asia to Anatolia. Throwing fruit tradition which bears the traces of Shamanism, Buddhism and Manichaeism is remnant of a sacrificial rite which has been performed for the acceptance of the bride who is a member of a foreign lineage by her husband's lineage's ancestors and protective spirits. As the time went by the meaning of this tradition has changed to the indicator of wanting to marry someone or to be with someone in Turkish societies which are in both Asia and Anatolia. The people who came to Anatolia from the matriarchal Turkish society who lived in Altay become patriarchal society under the influence of Islam. With this effect the apple presentation of women to men in Central Asia becomes to the apple presentation of men to women in Erzurum. This ceremony is performed in the form of presentation of apple that has some meanings like abundance, efficiency, fertility, furthering generation, fidelity, allegiance etc. in Turkish society by men to women and other hand it points to the importance given to nature and the capability loaded to apple in old Turkish culture.