Comparison of Spectrum Estimators in Speaker Verification: Mismatch Conditions Induced by Vocal Effort

Hanilci C., Kinnunen T., Rajan P., Pohjalainen J., Alku P., ERTAŞ F.

14th Annual Conference of the International-Speech-Communication-Association (INTERSPEECH 2013), Lyon, France, 25 - 29 August 2013, pp.2880-2884 identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Conference Paper / Full Text
  • Volume:
  • City: Lyon
  • Country: France
  • Page Numbers: pp.2880-2884
  • Bursa Uludag University Affiliated: Yes


We study the problem of vocal effort mismatch in speaker verification. Changes in speaker's vocal effort induce changes in fundamental frequency (F0) and formant structure which introduce unwanted intra-speaker variations to features. We compare seven alternative spectrum estimators in the context of melfrequency cepstral coefficient (MFCC) extraction for speaker verification. The compared variants include traditional FFT spectrum and six parametric all-pole models. Experimental results on the NIST 2010 speaker recognition evaluation (SRE) corpus utilizing both GMM-UBM and more recent GMM supervector classifier indicate that spectrum estimation has a considerable impact on speaker verification accuracy under mismatched vocal effort conditions. The highest recognition accuracy was achieved using a particular variant of temporally weighted all-pole model, stabilized weighted linear prediction (SWLP).