Carbonic anhydrase activity from the gilthead sea bream (Sparus aurata) liver: The toxicological effects of heavy metals


Kaya E. D., SÖYÜT H., Beydemir S.

ENVIRONMENTAL TOXICOLOGY AND PHARMACOLOGY, vol.36, no.2, pp.514-521, 2013 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 36 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2013
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.etap.2013.05.019
  • Journal Name: ENVIRONMENTAL TOXICOLOGY AND PHARMACOLOGY
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.514-521
  • Keywords: Carbonic anhydrase, Liver, Fish, Heavy metals, Inhibition, IN-VITRO, ESTERASE-ACTIVITIES, OXIDATIVE STRESS, GENE-EXPRESSION, PURIFICATION, INHIBITION, EXPOSURE, CALCIUM, ENZYME
  • Bursa Uludag University Affiliated: No

Abstract

Many studies have shown that metal ions may lead to oxidative stress in biological systems. Accordingly, DNA damage, protein modification, enzyme inhibition and activation, lipid peroxidation and many other effects may occur in living organisms. Many different formations of metal ions may enter human cells along with water, air, and various foods, and humans are negatively affected by these conditions, either directly or indirectly. These effects may cause irreversible damage to human metabolism. In this study, the toxicological effects of heavy metals on carbonic anhydrase enzyme activity from the gilthead sea bream liver were investigated. The carbonic anhydrase enzyme was purified via affinity chromatography and had a specific activity of 6775.5 EU mg(-1). The kinetics and characteristic properties, such as optimum pH, stable pH, optimum temperature, activation energy (E-a), activation enthalpy (Delta H), Q(10), K-m, and V-max, were determined for the purified enzyme SDS-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis showed a single band and molecular weight of the subunit was approximately 25 kDa. Cd(II), Cu(II), Ni(II) and Ag(I) inhibited the enzyme activity in vitro. The type of inhibition and K-i values for these metals were calculated from Lineweaver-Burk plots as 17.74 mM, 36.20 mM, 12.85 mM and 0.025 mM for Cd(II), Cu(II), Ni(II) and Ag(I), respectively. All the metals were noncompetitive inhibitors. (C) 2013 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.