The influence of row spacing and seeding rate on seed yield and yield components of forage turnip (Brassica rapa L.)


Bilgili U. , Sincik M. , Uzun A., Acikgoz E.

JOURNAL OF AGRONOMY AND CROP SCIENCE, vol.189, no.4, pp.250-254, 2003 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 189 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2003
  • Doi Number: 10.1046/j.1439-037x.2003.00037.x
  • Title of Journal : JOURNAL OF AGRONOMY AND CROP SCIENCE
  • Page Numbers: pp.250-254

Abstract

The effects, of four row spacings (17.5, 35.0, 52.5 and 70.0 cm) and five seeding rates (50, 100, 200, 400 and 800 viable seeds m(-2)) on seed yield and some yield components of forage turnip (Brassica rapa L.) were evaluated under rainfed conditions in Bursa, Turkey in the 1998-1999 and 1999-2000 growing seasons. Plant height, stem diameter, pods/terminal raceme, total pods/plant, seeds/pod and primary branches/plant were measured individually. The number of plants per unit area was counted and the lodging rate of the plots was scored. The seed yield and 1000-seed weight were also determined. Row spacing and seeding rate significantly affected most yield components measured. The number of plants per unit area increased with increasing seeding rate and decreasing row spacing. Plant height was not greatly influenced by row spacing and seeding rate, but higher seeding rates reduced the number of primary branches and the stem diameter. The number of pods/main stem was affected by row spacing and but not by the seeding rate. Also, the number of seeds per pod was not affected by either the row spacing or the seeding rate. In contrast, the number of pods per plant clearly increased with increasing row spacing, but decreased with increasing seeding rate. The plots seeded at narrow row spacings and at high seeding rates were more sensitive to lodging. Seeding rate had no significant effect on seed yield in both years. Seed yield was similar at all seeding rates, averaging 1151 kg ha(-1). However, row spacing was associated with seed yield. The highest seed yield (1409 kg ha(-1)) was obtained for the 35.0-cm row spacing and 200 seeds m(-2) seeding rate combination without serious lodging problems.