Determination of Salmonella enterica serotypes is crutial for epidemiological studies. Salmonella serotypes are defined on the basis of somatic (O) and flagellar (H) antigens, both of which are present in the cell wall of Salmonella. The aim of this study was to compare the results of molecular serotyping obtained by multiplex polymerase chain reaction (mPCR) with conventional serotyping results. Conventional serotyping has been performed in Ministry of Health Refik Saydam Hygiene Center as part of the National Laboratory of Enteric Pathogenes Surveillance Network (UEPLA). A total of 100 Salmonella strains, thay comprise 14 different serotypes by the reference laboratory have been investigated by using specific primers for Salmonella serogroups (A, B, Cl, D and E) and Vi antigen gene clusters via mPCR method. Serotypes have been determined by applying four sequential mPCR targeting the fliC and fliB genes encoding the H1 antigens (H1: a, -b, -d, -g,m, -r, -z(10)) and H2 antigen complexes (H2: 1,2, 1,5, -1,6, -1,7 and H: enx, enz(15)). The results of mPCR showed 100% consistency with the serogroups determined by the conventional method. Both sensitivity and specificity of mPCR according to each serogroups were found to be 100%. Results of serotyping that have been determined with the molecular antigenic formula showed accurate results for 2 (2%), probable results for 91(91%) and incomplete formula for 7 (7%) isolates. Molecular serotyping results of the most common isolated Salmonella serotypes of which S.Enteritidis, S.Typhimurium and S.Paratyphi from clinical microbiology laboratories have been determined as probable results. Antigenic formula of these serotypes that detected using mPCR were considered to be consistent with the results of conventional serotyping when interpreted with epidemiologic data. The sensitivity of mPCR to identify S.Typhi which have been determined as accurate result with molecular serotyping was 100% for serogrouping and serotyping. Multiplex PCR is cheaper and faster for the serotyping of strains isolated in clinical laboratories, compared to the conventional methods. However since it is not possible to detect all serotypes by using molecular typing, this technique can not be currently considered as an alternative for conventional serotyping. Nevertheless molecular typing could be beneficial in providing the preliminary results earlier.