Using internally cooled cutting tools in the machining of difficult-to-cut materials based on Waspaloy


IŞIK Y.

ADVANCES IN MECHANICAL ENGINEERING, vol.8, no.5, 2016 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 8 Issue: 5
  • Publication Date: 2016
  • Doi Number: 10.1177/1687814016647888
  • Title of Journal : ADVANCES IN MECHANICAL ENGINEERING
  • Keywords: Internal cooling, machining, Waspaloy, cutting tool, tool life, environment, TEMPERATURE, WEAR

Abstract

Nickel-based superalloys such as Waspaloy are used for engine components and in the nuclear industry, where considerable strength and corrosion resistance at high operating temperatures are called for. These characteristics of such alloys cause increases in cutting temperature and resultant tool damage, even at low cutting speeds and low feed rates. Thus, they are classified as difficult-to-cut materials. This article presents a cooling method to be used in metal cutting based on a tool holder with a closed internal cooling system with cooling fluid circulating inside. Hence, a green cooling method that does not harm the environment and is efficient in removing heat from the cutting zone was developed. A series of cutting experiments were conducted to investigate the practicality and effectiveness of the internally cooled tool model. The developed system achieved up to 13% better surface quality than with dry machining, and tool life was extended by 12%. The results clearly showed that with the reduced cutting temperature of the internal cooling, it was possible to control the temperature and thus prevent reaching the critical cutting temperature during the turning process, which is vitally important in extending tool life during the processing of Waspaloy.