Deposition of atmospheric particulate PCBs in suburban site of Turkey


Cindoruk S. S. , Tasdemir Y.

ATMOSPHERIC RESEARCH, vol.85, pp.300-309, 2007 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 85
  • Publication Date: 2007
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.atmosres.2007.02.002
  • Title of Journal : ATMOSPHERIC RESEARCH
  • Page Numbers: pp.300-309
  • Keywords: dry deposition, deposition velocity, particle phase, homolog distribution, PCB levels, POLYCYCLIC AROMATIC-HYDROCARBONS, WATER-SURFACE SAMPLER, DRY DEPOSITION, POLYCHLORINATED-BIPHENYLS, RURAL SITE, URBAN, PARTICLE, PAHS, AIR, VELOCITIES

Abstract

Dry deposition and air concentration samples were collected from July 2004 to May 2005 at a suburban site in Turkey. A water surface sampler (WSS) was used to measure directly the dry deposition flux of particulate polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) while a high volume air sampler (HVAS) was employed to collect air samples. Particulate PCB concentrations accounted for 15% of total PCBs (gas + particle phase) at the site. The overall particulate phase PCB flux ranged from 2 to 160 ng m(-2) d(-1) with an average of 46.3 +/- 40.6 ng m(-2) d(-1). Forty one PCB congeners were targeted in the samples while twenty one congeners were found to be higher than detection limits in deposition samples. Fluxes for homolog groups ranged between 0.9 (7-CBs) and 21.0 (3-CBs) ng m(-2) d(-1). Measured dry deposition fluxes were lower than the ones usually reported for urban sites. Average PCB dry deposition velocity, calculated using flux values and concurrently measured atmospheric concentrations, was 1.26 +/- 1.86 cm s(-1) depended on size distribution of particles, atmospheric PCB concentrations and meteorological conditions. (C) 2007 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.