Change of daily milk yield during estrous period in Holstein cattle raised under Mediterranean climate


TROPICAL ANIMAL HEALTH AND PRODUCTION, vol.51, no.6, pp.1571-1577, 2019 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier


This study was conducted to determine the effect of estrus on the daily milk yield in Holstein cows and to investigate the chance of using the possible milk yield changes in determining the estrus. During the 3-year period of the study, 103 dairy cows were observed 4days before and 4days after daily milk yield of 240 estruses and a total of 2174 daily milk yields were evaluated. Variance analysis was used to determine the factors affecting the daily milk yield, and the LSD test was used for multiple comparisons. Insemination year, insemination season, number of lactation, milk yield group, and daily milk yield of lactation period were found to be significant (P<0.01). On the other hand, the effect of estrus days on milk yield was insignificant. In the days of estrus, the least square mean of milk yield is 31.0kg, while the lowest and highest milk yields are 10.2kg and 62.9kg. The daily milk yield in the estruses decreased by an average of 300g, which decreased to 400g by continuing 1day after the estruses. The next day, however, it increased rapidly by 600g, and then dropped again, probably due to the effect of metestrus. It was found that, among all estruses, 31.3% of cows decreased their milk yield, whereas 26.5% of cows increased their milk yield. However, 42.2% of cows both decreased and increased their milk yield in different estruses. The interval between birth and the first insemination after were found to be longer (97.5days and 92.9days) at high milk-yielding cows compared to the low milk-yielding cows. According to the results of this study, daily milk yield changes could not be used as an estrus indicator.