19th annual Congress of the European College of Sport Science, Amsterdam, Netherlands, 2 - 05 July 2014, pp.211
As it is the case in sports where skills and competences are priorities and special talents are
required, it is quite crucial to determine an organism’s functional readiness level in the field of music
as well. Besides, an exhaustive literature review did not reveal any similar study on this issue. The
present study aims to compare the findings obtained from the pulmonary function tests of university
students both from the blowing instrument education branch in the Music department and the
swimming education branch in the Physical Education and Sports department.
11 swimmers and eight blowing instrument performers participated in the study voluntarily.
The types of pulmonary function tests used in the study were ventilation, perfusion, diffusion and
respiratory control tests. The tests were conducted as incremental tests on Ergospirometer by the use
of VMAX Encore system. Mann-Whitney U test was used to investigate the differences between the
The findings of the study did not indicate any statistically significant differences in the volume
level exhaled on the first second of forced expiration, forced vital capacity measurements, total lung
capacity, residual volume, and diffusion capacity between the instrument performers who are
receiving training in blowing instrument education and the swimmers who are receiving training in
swimming education. However; differences were found in relation to swimmers in maximal oxygen
consumption (p0.001) and maximal carbon monoxide production (p<.01).
The results of this study revealed that the students receiving training in blowing instrument
education have dynamic and static lung respiratory capacities that are very similar to swimmers who
are training rigorously. From this point of view, it could be thought that when swimmers, who used
tod lots of heavy training, had to stay away training for any health reason, the kind of training with a
blowing instrument, which does not require any physical activity, would contribute to their either
dynamic or static lung breathing capacity and shorten the process of reclimatisation for competition
and adaptation and prevent any negative consequences of this set back. Similarly, based on the
findings from the tests in the study, the blowing instrument performers’ levels of proper breathing
and effective use of breath were evaluated objectively. Besides, it is considered that a right and
proper use of breath might be an indicator of what levels of development can be attained both at
practices that require technical exercises and at performances of a piece of music. This study is
significant not only for the evaluation of performance development of the participant groups but also
for increasing their levels of professional motivation.