Assessment of CD39 expression in regulatory T-cell subsets by disease severity in adult and juvenile COVID-19 cases


Simsek A. , Kizmaz M. A. , Cagan E., Dombaz F., Tezcan G. , Asan A., ...More

JOURNAL OF MEDICAL VIROLOGY, vol.94, no.5, pp.2089-2101, 2022 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 94 Issue: 5
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1002/jmv.27593
  • Title of Journal : JOURNAL OF MEDICAL VIROLOGY
  • Page Numbers: pp.2089-2101
  • Keywords: CD39, COVID-19, FoxP3, infectious diseases, Tregs

Abstract

COVID-19 is a disease characterized by acute respiratory failure and is a major health problem worldwide. Here, we aimed to investigate the role of CD39 expression in Treg cell subsets in COVID-19 immunopathogenesis and its relationship to disease severity. One hundred and ninety COVID-19 patients (juveniles, adults) and 43 volunteers as healthy controls were enrolled in our study. Flow cytometric analysis was performed using a 10-color monoclonal antibody panel from peripheral blood samples. In adult patients, CD39(+) Tregs increased with disease severity. In contrast, CD39(+) Tregs were decreased in juvenile patients in an age-dependent manner. Overall, our study reveals an interesting profile of CD39-expressing Tregs in adult and juvenile cases of COVID-19. Our results provide a better understanding of the possible role of Tregs in the mechanism of immune response in COVID-19 cases.