The Utility of Feticide Procedure to Shorten the Induction-to-Abortion Interval in Medical Abortion

Akkurt M. O., Akkurt I., Yavuz A., Yalcin S. E., Coskun B., SEZİK M.

GYNECOLOGIC AND OBSTETRIC INVESTIGATION, vol.84, no.1, pp.64-70, 2019 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 84 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2019
  • Doi Number: 10.1159/000491085
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.64-70
  • Bursa Uludag University Affiliated: Yes


Aim: To evaluate the effect of intracardiac potassium chloride feticide procedure (FP) on the induction-to-abortion (I-to-A) interval for various indications in the termination of pregnancy. Method: Medically indicated abortions between 17 and 28 weeks' gestation were retrospectively evaluated and allocated into 2 groups: Cases with (group 1, n = 58) or without an FP (group 2, n = 60). I-to-A intervals were compared across the groups, considering different baseline parameters and fetal abnormality categories. Results: There were no differences among the groups except in gestational age (GA; mean, 21.2 vs. 19.6 weeks, p = 0.01) in group 1. Overall, the I-to-A interval was shorter (900 +/- 233 vs. 1,198 +/- 375min, p = 0.001) and prolonged medical abortion (I-to-A interval > 48 h) was less common (2% vs. 6%, p = 0.03) in group 1. The facilitating effect of FP persisted when indications were categorized as central nervous system, chromosomal, other structural abnormalities, and unclassified conditions. Logistic regression analyses demonstrated the following features to be associated with expulsion of fetus after 24-h: (1) advanced GA (> 24 week; aOR 6.9, 95% CI 3.24-14.72), (2) central nervous system abnormalities (aOR 5.3, 95% CI 2.6-11.4), (3) lack of feticide (aOR 3.67, 95% CI 2.24-10.72). Conclusion: FPs seem to shorten the I-to-A interval and decrease prolonged I-to-A interval rates. This facilitating effect remains unchanged for various medical indications.